Wellness Series: 7 Tips for Healthy Outdoor Fun

Change is in the air! With Labor Day marking the unofficial transition from summer to fall, let’s tap into the positive energy of transformation! New friends, exciting learning opportunities, and fall colors are in the cards. The cooler fall weather presents the perfect chance for you and your loved ones to reap the health benefits of exercise from outdoor activities like camping, hiking, cycling, soccer, football, running, and more. Whether you plan to hit the trails, roads, or turf, make sure you are well informed with the most personalized and trusted health information from some of the best doctors you can find: the Medical Experts on HealthTap. Let’s check in with them now and find out what they say about the healthiest ways to enjoy the outdoors this Labor Day weekend and beyond.

HikingWhat are the health benefits of walking outside and enjoying nature?

Besides the positive physical and stress-relieving benefits of exercise and fresh air, walking in nature allows us to connect with something much larger than ourselves. On our little treks we can open to the entire web of life, realizing that we are part of it, and can impact it. We can quiet ourselves, which allows us space to perceive with compassion — rather than react automatically.- Dr. Pamela Pappas

How can I avoid blisters on a nature hike?

Bandaids. If you have new shoes break them in before you go. Wear god thick socks, have good fitting shoes that do not have heel slippage and put bandaids on the heels or places you get blisters before you get them. It prevents the friction that causes the blister. - Dr. Cornelia Franz

What mosquito repellents and after-bite treatments do you recommend?

DEET= gold standard of repellents. Use microencapsulated formulation. Max effective at 30%. Lasts about 5 hours. Higher concentrations last longer but not better. 10% lasts about 2 hours. If mosquito burden is high add permethrin to clothes. For aftercare use dab of pramoxine. If many, use spot of 1% hydrocortisone for itching. If very many I use 10 mg loratadine each day in addition. - Dr. Dan Fisher

What should I put in my portable first-aid kit?

Most basic first aid kits have ointment, bandages, gauze, ibuprofen, scissors, tape, instant cold pack, instant heat pack, alcohol rub. You can of course personalize the kit for any medical ailments that you have such as asthma inhaler, epinephrine pen for bee stings, etc.- Dr. James Chen

organic fruitHow long should I wait to exercise after eating?

Depends upon your food choices. If it’s a full meal then 1 or 2 hours to avoid gut distress. Digestion causes increase in blood flow to your stomach from your muscles. This would cause cramps if you exercise too intensely, thus the stay out of the water after lunch! However, many can eat a light meal, exercise then a small recovery meal. For me, PB&J preceding a morning run works great.- Dr. Judy Orton

What should I eat after exercising?

After exercising, you should probably just drink fluids. Wait one hour before consuming any food, so that the body has a chance to calm down and assimilate the food you eat. The trick is to eat properly so that when you exercise, you burn fat and make muscle!- Dr. Wm. Marcus Spurlock

Why is vitamin D important for my Health?

Traditionally, Vitamin D has important role in bone health but is increasingly recognized as a hormone with role in various body systems including skin, immunity, etc…. Sun exposure is an easy, reliable way for most people to get vitamin D. Exposure of the hands, face, arms, and legs to sunlight two to three times a week for about one-fourth of the time it would take to develop a mild sunburn will cause the skin to produce enough vitamin D. The necessary exposure time varies with age, skin type, season, time of day, etc. Still, vitamin D deficiency is very common.- Dr. Moinuddin Mokhashi

Our HealthTap doctors are giving you full license to have a blast outside. So take a break and enjoy the sunshine and all the outdoors has to offer. Call your new friends and go for a nice walk, or pull that bike and helmet out of the garage and discover parts of your neighborhood that you never knew were just around the corner. Wherever you go and whenever you have your own health questions, the doctors on HealthTap are here to help. Until then, live healthy and have fun!

AppRx: Top 10 Doctor-Approved Fitness Apps

fitness FITEvery week, we bring you AppRx—high-quality health, fitness and wellness apps reviewed and recommended by HealthTap’s network of 62,000 top doctors.

In this week’s edition, we take a look at 10 Best Fitness Apps. Get help monitoring and tracking your fitness progress, no matter what exercise you’re doing. These apps specialize in a number of activities, ranging from running, to cycling, to Zumba, and more! Want to hear the best part? Most of them are FREE.


AppRx | RunKeeper | HealthTap1. RunKeeper

Description: Join the more than 28 million people who are using RunKeeper to turn their phone into a personal trainer in their pocket! Track your runs, walks, bike rides, hikes, and more using the GPS in your iPhone. Track your fitness activities, measure your performance over time, and share with your friends. Learn More.

Recommended By: 165 Doctors

Available On: iOS and Android - FREE

2. FitbitAppRx | Fitbit | HealthTap

Description: Live a healthier, more active life with Fitbit, the top app for tracking all-day activity, workouts and health. NOW track runs stats, hikes and routes with MobileRun and stay on top of your calorie goals with faster, smarter food logging. Use this app on its own to track basic activity and runs, or connect with Fitbit’s line of activity trackers and the Aria Smart Scale to get a complete picture of your daily stats, including steps, distance, calories burned, sleep, weight, and more. Learn More.

Recommended By: 74 Doctors

Available On: iOS – FREE

 3. Nike+ Running

AppRx | Nike+ Running | HealthTap

Description: The Nike+ Running App tracks your runs and helps you reach your goals — whether its running your first race, or setting a new personal record. From first-time runners to marathon veterans, you\’ll get the measurement and motivation you need to run farther and faster than ever before. Welcome to the worlds greatest running community. Learn More.

Recommended By: 65 Doctors

Available On: iOS and Android – FREE

4. Fitness BuddyAppRx | Fitness Buddy | HealthTap

Description: With 1700+ unique exercises at your disposal, Fitness Buddy will revolutionize your training regimen. With this app, you will find the workout tracking process simple and easy in order to sustain your motivation and enforce your commitment to your fitness goals. Learn More.

Recommended By: 63 Doctors

Available On: iOS – $1.99

5. Men’s Health Workouts

AppRx | Men's Health Workouts | HealthTapDescription: Men’s Health Workouts puts the power of the world’s largest men’s magazine in your hand, featuring exclusive workouts from the world’s top strength coaches, athletes, and fitness experts. Powered by a one-of-a-kind circuit training interface, and featuring step-by-step instructions, high quality photos, and advanced logging features, Men’s Health Workouts makes it easier than ever to sculpt new muscle, burn fat fast, and build your best body ever. Learn More.

Recommended By: 53 Doctors

Available On: iOS – $1.99

AppRx | Runtastic GPS | HealthTap6. Runtastic GPS

Description: Runtastic GPS Coach is your personal tracking app and all-in-one exercise app for running, biking and other outdoor and indoor sports activities. The Runtastic app uses the built-in GPS to map your activities and track your progress (distance, time, speed, calories, altitude, pace, etc.). Show your friends how active you are and share your success with them. Learn More.

Recommended By: 54 Doctors

Available On: iOS – FREE

7. Runtastic PedometerAppRx | Runtastic Pedometer | HealthTap

Description: Everyone should walk 10,000 steps per day – how many steps are you walking? Whether you’re walking, hiking, or backpacking for enjoyment, to improve your general health and fitness, or as part of a specific diet and weight loss routine, the Runtastic Pedometer counts every step you take and helps you reach your workout goals. This high-quality app will meet users’ expectations for their walking, hiking, fitness training, and weight loss needs. Learn More.

Recommended By: 54 Doctors

Available On: Android – FREE

8. Zumba Fitness

AppRx | Zumba Fitness | HealthTapDescription: The world of Zumba Fitness is now in the palm of your hand! Find everything related to the Zumba program for free in the new, easy-to-use mobile app. Search classes by location and facility name, view locations in list or map view, filter your searches by class type, day, time or distance, save and easily access your favorite Zumba classes, set calendar reminders so you don’t miss the party, access Zumba Instructor profiles and contact them for class details, and share classes and invite your friends to join your fitness-parties. Learn More.

Recommended By: 46 Doctors

Available On: iOS and Android – FREE

AppRx | Map My Ride | HealthTap9. Map My Ride

Description: Turn your iPhone into the ultimate cycling computer.Easily track route, speed, distance, calories, time with audio alerts and much more! Basic and advanced ride tracking capabilities for novices thru competitive cyclists. Training and tracking features to suit recreational cyclists, bike touring, commuters, all the way through competitive racers. Great for training for group rides, century rides, and everything in between. Learn More.

Recommended By: 47 Doctors

Available On: iOS – FREE

10. Fitocracy Free Daily Workout TrackerAppRx | Fitocracy Free Daily Workout Tracker | HealthTap

Description: Fitocracy motivates you and helps you succeed at fitness and level up in real life. We make exercise fun! Track your workouts, earn points, unlock achievements, beat quests, and slay the laziness dragon. Join the best fitness community on the planet and become the person you were meant to be. Learn More.

Recommended By: 47 Doctors

Available On: iOS – FREE

For more Fitness apps, visit HealthTap today!  And stay tuned for next week’s edition, Top 10 Health Apps!


9 Things You Need to Know About the West Nile Virus

mosquito2On Monday, August 25, animals in Florida testing positive for the West Nile virus hit the news. Shortly after, the first human case of West Nile was reported in Utah.

According to the CDC’s website, there have been 210 cases of West Nile Virus in the United States this year, causing 11 deaths. Though most cases of the virus look similar to and are about as dangerous as the flu, a small percentage of cases can be life threatening.

We’ve compiled 9 important facts about West Nile Virus to keep you informed about what the virus is, how it is transmitted, and more.

What is West Nile Virus (WNV)?

“West nile virus is an infection transmitted by mosquitoes. If you become infected with west nile virus, you may not experience any signs or symptoms or you may experience only minor ones, such as fever and mild headache. However, some people who become infected with west nile virus develop a life-threatening illness that includes inflammation of the brain.” – Dr. Ahmad M. Hadied

What does WNV look like?

“Most people don’t have symptoms with west nile virus. Mild symptoms occur in about 20% of people; which can include fever, eye pain, generalized body aches, headaches, feeling really tired, possible enlarged lymph nodes or rash. About 1% have severe illness which can include neurologic problems. Possible symptoms include: seizures, severe headache w stiffness of the neck, high fever, confusion, weakness.” – Dr. Heidi Fowler

What time of year am I more likely to contract WNV?

“Virus activity correlates with mosquito activity: is highest from july to october, and in warmer climates such as the southern us, virus activity is high year-round. Age and immune status do not seem to affect susceptibility to infection. However, older or immunocompromised individuals are at higher risk of neuroinvasive disease. There is no clear evidence of a predilection for either sex.” – Dr. Pedro Hernandez


How is WNV transmitted?

“Typically, west nile virus spreads to humans via infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. You can not get infected by touching or kissing a person with the virus. In some cases, the virus may be spread by organ transplantation and blood transfusions.” – Dr. Michael Fisher

How can I tell if a mosquito is carrying WNV?

“There is no way to recognize a west nile virus mosquito from a non virus carrying mosquito. They all look same and bite same. I am sorry there is no way to tell the right kind. I know it isn’t a big help at this time. May be in future we’ll have more information. Just please avoid all kinds of mosquitos. Thanks.” – Dr. Hashmat Rajput

How common is WNV in other parts of the world?

“West nile virus was first identified in 1937 in Uganda in eastern Africa. It was first discovered in the United States in the summer of 1999 in New York. Since then, the virus has spread throughout the United States and appears to have more cases in the great plains, especially in the fall. West nile virus is one of the most geographically widespread arboviruses in the world with cases occurring.” – Dr. Lance Kurata

How common is it for mosquitoes to transmit WNV?

“A person’s risk of contracting west nile is very low, and less than 1% of those infected develop serious illness from the virus. The most high risk population for developing a serious illness from west nile virus are elderly and those who are immunosuppressed. It is important for everyone to protect themselves from mosquito bites to minimize the risk of infection.” – Dr. Geoffrey Rutledge


What are the main differences between WNV and malaria?

“Both are primarily transmitted by mosquitoes and cause fever but wnv is viral and can cause meningitis or encephalitis and malaria is protozoan, causing fever, anemia and enlarged spleen. Millions die of malaria yearly, not so much for west nile.” – Dr. Larry Lutwick

Will antibiotics help with WNV?

“No antibiotics are approved for use against west nile virus. Attempts at using ribavirin, immunoglobulins & interferons to treat wnv patients have been inconclusive. Numerous new medications are in development now. Fortunately 80-90% of people who are infected with wnv have no symptoms or disease. The elderly are at highest risk. Severe wnv infections have decreased in the past 10 years.” – Dr. Booth Wainscoat

For more information, visit HealthTap’s West Nile Virus page, or ask our doctors a new question here.

10 Quick Camping Tips

HealthTapCamping, hiking, backpacking, and other outdoor activities can be exciting and healthy, but it is important to take precautions to ensure your safety. We’ve compiled 7 Quick Camping Tips so you’re ready for the outdoors, no matter what your adventure is.

Can you offer some tips on how to make hiking a safe fitness activity?

“Plan your hiking in advance, determine how much you can handle in one hike, the amount of elevation, the terrain, and the distance. Also were comfortable hiking shoes.” – Dr. Foster Carr

What are the most common animal bites while camping?

“Mosquitos by a landslide. Of animals with teeth, probably raccoons – they are not shy about rummaging through peoples’ belongings.” – Dr. Anatoly Belilovsky

What are some ways to prevent mosquito bites?

“Insect repellents that contain deet (n, n-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) preferably 20-50% or picardin on all exposed skin are very effective mosquito repellents.Permethrin treated clothing is also very effective. Wear protective clothing, use mosquito netting if sleeping outdoors, avoid being outside between dusk and dawn.” – Dr. Michael Ein

What questions should I ask my doctor about camping?HealthTap

“What medications should I take along? What should be in my first aid kit? Where should I go if sick?” – Dr. Martin Raff

How should I wash my face while camping?

“You can bring pre-moistened towelettes that are made for that purpose (or just bring kiddie wipes) if there is not a clean water source near by.” – Dr. Heidi Fowler

How can I keep bandages dry while camping?

“A cast or bandage protector will keep dressings dry, but the best advice is to not go camping or expose the dressing to elements or water until all healed.” – Dr. Eric Lullove

What are the best shoes to wear when camping?

“Wear thick sole shoes when out for hiking or campHealthTaping.” – Dr. Mohammed Parvez

How do I prepare for a long hike?

“1. Gradually work up to the distance (get in shape). 2. Wear quality walking shoes (already been broken in). 3. Wear thin sock under absorbent sock to avoid blisters. 4. Bring moleskin to cover hot spots on feet before blisters form. 5. Plenty of water &water filter kit. 6. High energy food. 7. Light comfortable pack. 8. Warm clothes &good shelter. 9. Map+compass+signaling tools. 10. 1st aid kit.” – Dr. David Carl Houghton

Am I more susceptible to giardiasis when camping?

“Animal contamination of lakes and ponds may make camping a riskier event than sitting at home. Access to purified water and proper boiling of your utensils can lower your risk if you use lake or well water for cleaning. Boiling your water for 10 minutes will eliminate the threat if you are unsure of the water.” – Dr. James Ferguson

What is giardiasis?

“It’s a protozoan parasite that affects the upper GI tract. You get it from ingesting infected stool (through contaminated food, water, or sex). It causes diarrhea, nausea, and bloating. It’s treated with Metronidazole or tinidazole.” – Dr. Joel Gallant


Got another camping question? Ask our doctors today!

7 Fun Facts About Your Brain

The human mind is limitless in its capability of creating the phenomenal.

Christiaan Huygen revolutionized the precision of timekeeping with the invention of the pendulum clock, which later lead to his discovery of the speed of lightAmadeus Mozart wrote the renowned overture to the opera Don Giovanni the morning of its premiere. Along with his incomparable paintings such as the ‘Mona Lisa’ and ‘The Last Supper’, Leonardo Da Vinci has drawn and described the human anatomy in as much detail as medical technology todayDr. Dale Hale Williams (the nation’s first African-American cardiologist) was the first surgeon in history to successfully perform open heart surgery, without access to blood transfusions or advanced medical technology.

Not only are our brains tools for endless possibilities, but its an organ that indulges in some pretty incredible, thought-provoking, and, at times, frustrating behavior. Here are 7 wild facts about your brain that you probably weren’t aware of:

#1 Most, if not all, of your decisions are made unconsciously 

How many times have you convinced yourself that you just have to get that 50″ name-brand TV, those stylish kicks, that low cut cocktail dress, or that sexy bartender? If you believed these decisions were methodically planned to logical perfection, I’ve got some bad news. Based on Dr. Susan Weinschenk’s book Neuro Web Design: What makes them click?, the deep brain structures that make some of your most innate desires uncontrollable are constantly at work:

Social Validation: Your brain is always processing and imitating what’s regarded as most favorable in the social stratosphere (also known as “keeping up with the joneses”). We care about being a part of the bigger picture, alas our instinctual need to have items that are highly reviewed and rated.

Strategic Product Placement: Consumer companies know your brain better than you do. Contrary to popular belief, these institutions have very little fiduciary responsibility to your well-being. Neuromarketing strategies are rapidly gaining traction in alluring customers to a product based on our predictable, primal needs for sex, food, and safety. The method behind company designs and commercialization is millions of dollars being poured into studying what ideas will best implant your subconscious need for their product.

Affective Forecasting: Based on a study by renowned Harvard psychologist Daniel Gilbert, we misinterpret how much pleasure or displeasure future events will bring.

What does this mean exactly? 

For example, most consumers who overestimate the pleasure of buying (or even worse, leasing) a car, end up resenting the purchase later on and prefer spending the money on other important obligations.

Another prime example is how much you would pay to see your favorite artist now play in concert compared to the amount you would spend on seeing your favorite artist ten years ago in concert. The difference is substantial. But, ten years ago you would have paid much more to see them perform then.

The human mind is constantly in a balancing act of overestimating and underestimating what we buy and need in order to maximize happiness.

#2 Your memories may be misleading 

Pathway of memory consolidation between the amygdala and hippocampus (brain region that stores memory) Our strongest memories tend to be ones overrun with emotion and powerful sensory stimuli. In a way, we see our memories like fragmented movie clips: Roaring emerald waves crashing synchronously to the words “Will you marry me?”, the sweet ringing of a new born’s first cry, and a familiar hand helping you up after your first time falling off a bike.

I truly hate to say this…but it’s these memories (also called “flashbulb memories”) that have been proven to have the most errors, especially with increasing time. Our brains have this strange evolutionary ability to reconstruct memories with new information and perceptual stimuli each time we activate a specific memory. We combine details of a memory with what is generally true, later filling in the gaps with our own imagination of how the sequences took place.

As if this isn’t crazy enough, our brains also have a knack for combining and mixing separate memories into one. Essentially, our memories are almost constantly changing based on how our perceptions of an event, person, place, or the world are changing.

The amygdala has been shown to be the critical brain region involved in enabling us to acquire and retain lasting memories: modulation of long-term memory. When we hold on to specific memories the synaptic links formed from these. memories become stronger, so it becomes more ingrained in our brains.

What’s the evolution behind this process of retrieval and reconstruction? 

Because their is an overwhelming amount of information and stimuli that we, as individuals, process every second, minute, and day, most memories are classified by our brains as insignificant. Which is why emotion, smell, and recognition are the most powerful tools for bringing back specific memories. These cues were orchestrated efficiently by our ancestors to survive from predators and to avoid dangerous wildlife.

#3 Fast-Food chains have hacked your brain

Why is being dumb, fat, and happy so appealing? 

  • Sugar 

Sugar is as addicting as cocaine. Yea. Which means you will go through the same trademark symptoms as drug addicts: binging, cravings, and withdrawal. Apparently McDonald’s “fruit smoothies” have more sugar per serving than Coca-Cola. So, when they say “I’m Lovin’ It” it’s because they are subtly mocking you.

  • Convenience 

When it’s more likely that you will run into a fast-food restaurant than a produce aisle, the chances of compulsive eating becomes a cultural norm. Over time, our impulse control starts to diminish, along with the neurons that are involved in the prefrontal cortex. This means as Big Food companies and their brands become a more prominent part of our lives, the more we give into temptation.

We have five dopamine receptors in our brains. The D2 receptor is most involved in controlling compulsive eating. Studies have shown that people who are obese, or have a higher body-mass index, correspond to fewer D2 receptors.

  • Reward 

Dopamine is well-known to be the brain chemical that drives our behavior towards favorable outcomes. Hence, the reason we become suckers to fast-food brands. The combination of spending little money for a high-calorie diet placed in your hands within minutes becomes the gold standard for addiction. The closer you pair a stimulus with a reward, the stronger the association. This satiation forms stronger memories associated with a brand, pampering your craving of it. (Joshua Gowin, PhD, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/you-illuminated/201108/7-things-mcdonald-s-knows-about-your-brain).

#4 You probably have too many Facebook friends


Robin Dunbar, an Oxford University professor, has researched and established that our brains are only capable of making a specific number of meaningful connections and memories. This magic number is: 150. Your brain will only allow you to have 150 “friends”: the optimal number for social cohesion and interaction. Interestingly, our brain can only facially recognize 1,500 people. So, if you have more than 1,500 friends/followers on Facebook/Twitter/Instagram/YouTube/YouTwitFace/etc. you probably won’t remember some of them AT ALL.

How did Dr. Dunbar determine this?

Well, the fundamental recipe for all real relationships is reciprocity. You can meet all 7 billion people on this planet, but the truth is, the majority of people we meet in our lives will either not reciprocate the attention we give to them, or vice versa. Along those lines, a Dutch sociologist determined that every 7 years half of our friends are replaced by new friends, regardless of the change in size of our social network.

I guess it’s time to do some social media spring cleaning…

#5 If you thought the coolest part about you was being able to multi-task….then I’m sorry

In our modern-day way of life it’s safe to say that multi-tasking just has to be done. In all honesty, there’s no way I’ll be able to live with myself if I can’t text my best bros, while studying for the MCAT, while playing the piano, while making dinner, while watching the finale of Games of Thrones.

Side Note: If you HAVE been capable of doing this successfully, call me…I have a job for you.

But, scientifically-speaking, our brains can only attempt one cognitive function at a time (although we like to fool ourselves into believing that we are productively accomplishing many tasks at once).

A Stanford University study in 2009 sought out to challenge 262 college students to complete experiments that involved switching among tasksfiltering irrelevant information, and using working memory.

Researchers wanted to test whether multi-taskers were cognitively more efficient than non-multi-taskers.

What they found was multi-taskers not only did terribly at all three tasks, but also used their brains much less effectively to try to complete them compared to the opposing group.

So, what’s the solution to this problem if you can’t leave your phone? 

Use the “20-minute” rule! The same Stanford researchers determined that rather than switching between tasks every couple of minutes or so, allot 20 solid minutes of focus to one task at a time. (and, yes, I have faith you can study for 20 minutes straight without texting your boyfriend/girlfriend).

Lastly, a French clinical scientist discovered when people attend to two different tasks* simultaneously, each side of the brain tackles a different task. Therefore, our brains have a two task limit.

*Different tasks were defined as one physical task and one cognitive task

How men and women see color #6 Color is just in your mind

The eye only has three different types of photoreceptors. That means that the human retina can only differentiate between the colors redgreen, and blue and that’s it.

Every other color you “see” in the world is only a construct of your brain. In fact, it would be technically inaccurate to call them colors. Our eyes have cones and rods that detect different wavelengths of light, which refract into the perceived colors red, green, and blue.

Our conceptualization of color is so deeply rooted in the brain that even fluctuations in emotional states affect how we see color.

#7 Neuroplasticity: Your brain’s ability to reorganize, adapt, and regrow

This topic of Neuroscience is probably one of the most studied and revered in the field. The term neuroplasticity refers to our command center being flexible, and not a static entity. This means that our brains have a profound ability to adapt to changes in our bodies, both internally and externally.

For example, any time you learn a new skill like playing an instrument, driving a car, scuba diving, or learning calculus your brain starts to build new neural pathways (connections of neurons) to accommodate these changes throughout your life. You see, even throughout the majority of the twentieth century, neuroscientists believed there was only a certain critical period of our life cycle (youth) when the brain was adaptable. After crossing that threshold, it was believed that the brain was immutable, and stagnant. However, with time and research the brain continued to impress and shock the scientific community.

Our brains are capable of regenerating new neurons through learning, memory, and even serious injury throughout our lives.

For example, a fifty-year-old adult who just suffered a stroke to the region of the brain that controls speech can, over time with therapy, re-learn to speak, even if that part of the brain is completely dead and useless. This is due to the phenomenon of plasticity. Other parts of the brain will take over (and build new neural networks) for the task of speech.


Just like the inspirational figures before us, we are all equal in our unique capacity to accomplish extraordinary feats. It is within ourselves to strive for a limitless plan.

But, now you know, that while your figuring this out, your brain is already waiting to make it happen.

Here’s a link to more fun, obscure facts about the brain: http://www.factslides.com/s-brain